Europe is currently facing an unheard of emergency: thousands of refugees from Syria are attempting to cross in to the European Union. These are Syrian refugees, attempting to escape the war-torn country of Syria and find safety in Europe.
The refugees will cross from Syria in to Turkey, where they will often times attempt to reach Greece by boat. This dangerous crossing leads to a multitude of deaths each year. Those who make it to Greece attempt to reach the northern parts of Europe such as Germany and Sweden. But to get there, the migrants have to cross through Croatia or Hungary in to Austria.
Croatia and Hungary have been at the center of this crisis, as both countries border Austria, which in turn borders Germany. Both countries have taken a strict policy of border control, and are shutting down their borders, making it impossible for these migrants to cross. Recently, Hungary set up a razor-wire fence across the border. Croatia has also threatened to take military action against the migrants crossing across their borders, forcing them back in to Croatia's southeastern neighbor, Serbia.
For the past several years, the country has been in a state of civil war. Rebels in Syria have taken arms against the president Bashaar al-Assad. Recently, the terrorist group ISIS has become another threat to the Syrian people. This is why there has been a larger influx of migrants trying to reach Europe this year.
The refugees illegally travel to Northern Europe where they attempt to receive asylum, protection from that country. Many European nations have gladly excepted Syrian migrants. Among these are England, France, Germany, and Austria. Secretary of State John Kerry has also said that the United States will take in Syrian refugees as well. This will only happen if the migrants are able to reach the countries that have offered to grant them asylum, which would require crossing the borders of the Southern European countries.
The European Union has agreed to relocate 120,000 migrants, even though several nations in the Union have disagreed. This migrant crisis is unlike any in history, and it will likely challenge the strength of the European Union.